Chaturthi Vrat

The fourth day of the bright and dark half of the Moon in every lunar month of the Hindu calendar is ‘chaturthi tithi’ – the day to observe Chaturthi vrat. This day is dedicated to Lord Ganesh (Ganpati) and is usually observed by men only.

Ganesh

Shukla paksha chaturthi is observed as Vinayaka Chaturthi (after full moon) and Krishna paksha chaturthi is observed as Sankashti Chaturthi.

How many Sankashti Chaturthi fast?

It is also believed that a devotee who observes a fast on Angaraka sankasht Chaturthi gets the benefits equal to all other 12 Sankashti Chaturthi. Summary: As per Hindu Panchanga, Sankashti Chaturthi is celebrated on the 4th day of the waning phase of the moon (Krishna Paksha).

What can you eat during a Sankashti fast?

Devotees keep a partial or day-long fast on this day. They and eat only fruits, vegetables and root plants throughout the day. Peanuts, potatoes and sabudana khichdi are prepared especially to mark this day’s fasting. The day’s fasting is broken only after the main puja is done.

Here are a few rituals that are followed on Sankashti Chaturthi:

  • Devotees keep a partial or day-long fast on this day. They and eat only fruits, vegetables and root plants throughout the day. Peanuts, potatoes and sabudana khichdi are prepared especially to mark this day’s fasting. The day’s fasting is broken only after the main puja is done.
  • The main puja of the day is done in the evening, after the moon is visible. The idol of Lord Ganesha is worshipped with Durva grass, fresh flowers and incense sticks. Lamps are lit, and devotees read the “vrat katha” specific to the month in shich the Chaturthi is. The rituals for this day end with the sighting of the moon.
  • Special sweets or naivedya, including modaks, are offered to the deity during the puja. After the katha and aarti, these sweets are distributed as prasad.
  • Apart from worshipping Lod Ganesha, the moon is also worshipped on Sankashti Chaturthi. Water, chandan or sandalwood paste, rice and flowers are offered in the direction of the moon.
  • Reciting the Vedic hymns or mantras devoted to Lord Ganesha garners blessings on this day. Devotees chant the Ganesha Ashtothra, Sankashtnashana sthothra and Vakrathunda Mahakaya especially on Sankashti Chaturthi.

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